“Water is not a resource; it’s a life-source”
In February 2020, the International Joint Commission (IJC), the binational organization formed under the 1909 Boundary Waters Treaty between Canada and the United States of America, ordered an expedited review of Plan 2014, the management plan for Lake Ontario outflows. The review is being done by the IJC’s Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Adaptive Management Committee, known as the GLAM Committee, which is directed to apply an adaptive management approach to the on-going review of the outflow regulation plans.
The International Joint Commission (IJC) and the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee respects Indigenous rights, reconginzes Indigenous diversity, and aims to ensure Indigenous Nations are fully engaged and their knowledge and perspectives included in the adaptive management process moving forward, in a spirit of reconciliation. The GLAM Committee wants to Plant a Relationship and Learn Towards Action with Indigenous Communities through listening sessions with First Nations, Métis and Tribal Nations, in order to develop an inclusive, engaged and transparent adaptive management planning process. With Indigenous communities, the goal is to co-create decision support tools that link management of fluctuating water levels to cultural values and rights through two-eyed seeing collaborations.